An update on corneal and lens-based refractive surgery options

Roy S. Chuck, Viral V. Juthani, Joann J. Kang


The demand for spectacle independence at all ages continues to grow, as our population ages and life expectancy continues to rise. Younger and older individuals alike expect greater freedom to pursue their active lifestyles. However, as demands for higher levels of visual function increase, ophthalmologists have more technological options for refractive corrections than ever before, making it more important for surgeons to employ the most up to date methods and technology to fulfill patients’ ever rising expectations of precise visual outcomes.